The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a globally accepted framework for tracking development progress consisting of 17 goals with 169 associated targets and 232 indicators. The 17 goals cover all interrelated social, economic and environmental dimensions of development. SDG 16 aims to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.” The SDG 16 Data Gap Analysis is a systematic review of availability and suitability of data for SDG 16 indicators in Uganda. It entails a review of data sources, data producers, data processes, and data gaps. It maps the 23 indicators for SDG 16 versus the data sources and data producers in Uganda. The resulting report reflects current state of data for measuring SDG 16, highlights achievements to date, identifies data and methodology gaps, and suggests practical and indicator and institutional level recommendations on how to close the data gaps.